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EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) is a psychotherapy that help people to heal from the symptoms and emotional distress that are the result of disturbing life experiences and customer journey. Repeated studies show that by using EMDR therapy people can experience the benefits of psychotherapy that once took years to make a difference and help them grow. It is widely assumed that severe emotional pain requires a long time to heal. EMDR therapy shows that the mind can in fact heal from psychological trauma much as the body recovers from physical trauma. For example; When you cut your hand, your body works to close the wound. If a foreign object or repeated injury irritates the wound, it suppurate and causes pain. Once the block is removed, healing resumes [linkedin]. EMDR therapy demonstrates that a similar sequence of events occurs with mental processes. The brain’s information processing system naturally moves toward mental health. If the system is blocked or imbalanced by the impact of a disturbing event, the emotional wound festers and can cause intense suffering. Once the block is removed, healing resumes.

HISTORY OF EMDR therapy

In 1987, Francine Shapiro[influencer] was walking in the park when she realized that eye movements appeared to decrease the negative emotion associated with her own distressing memories. She assumed that eye movements had a desensitizing effect, and when she experimented with this she found that others also had the same response to eye movements. It became apparent however that eye movements by themselves did not create comprehensive therapeutic effects and so Shapiro added other treatment elements, including a cognitive component, and developed a standard procedure that she called Eye Movement Desensitization (EMD).

Shapiro then conducted a case study and a controlled study to test the effectiveness of EMD. In the controlled study, she randomly assigned 22 individuals with traumatic memories to two conditions: half received EMD, and half received the same therapeutic procedure with imagery and detailed description replacing the eye movements. She reported that EMD resulted in significant decreases in ratings of subjective distress and significant increases in ratings of confidence in a positive belief. Participants in the EMD condition reported significantly larger changes than those in the imagery condition. 

HOW EMDR THERAPY WORKS?

EMDR therapy is an eight-phase approach. It begins with a history-taking phase that identifies the current problems and the earlier experiences that have set the foundation for the different symptoms, and what is needed for a fulfilling future.

Then a preparation phase prepares the client for memory processing. The memory is accessed in a certain way and processing proceeds with the client attending briefly to different parts of the memory while the information processing system of the brain is stimulated.

Brief sets of eye movements, taps or tones are used (for approximately 30 seconds) during which time the brain makes the needed connections that transform the “stuck memory” into a learning experience and take it to an adaptive resolution. New emotions, thoughts and memories can emerge.

What is useful is learned, and what is now useless (the negative reactions, emotions and thoughts) is discarded. A rape victim, for example, may begin with feelings of shame and fear, but at the end of the session report: “The shame is his, not mine. I’m a strong resilient woman.”

DESCRIPTION OF EMDR THERAPY

PHASE 1: The first stage is a history-making session. The healer assesses the client’s readiness and plans a treatment. The client and therapist identify potential stones for EMDR processing. These include depressing memories and current situations that create emotional distress. Other terms may include events related to the past. Emphasis is placed on developing the specific skills like brand awareness and behaviors that the customer will need in future situations.

Early diagnosis of EMDR may be directed at childhood events rather than early childhood studies or a traumatic event if the client had a childhood problem. Customers often gain an understanding of their situation, emotional stress resolves and begins to change the way they act. The duration of treatment depends on the number of traumas and the age of onset of PTSD. Generally, those with a single event of adult onset can be successfully treated within 5 hours. Many victims of trauma may require long-term treatment.

PHASE 2: During the second phase of treatment, the therapist makes sure that clients have different ways of coping with emotional pain. The therapist can teach the client a variety of ways to reduce and compress the client to use during and between sessions. The purpose of EMDR therapy is to produce rapid and effective change while the client maintains equilibrium between and between sessions.

  1. Phases 3–6: In stages three through six, an index is identified and the EMDR treatment procedure is used. This includes a client showing three things:
    1. A graphic visual image related to memory
  2. Negative belief about self
    3. Emotions related to body sensations.
    In addition, the client points to a positive belief. The therapist helps the client measure positive beliefs and the intensity of negative emotions. After this, the client is instructed to focus on the image, negative thought, and body image while simultaneously participating in the EMDR process using dual stimulation sets. These sets can include eye movements, taps, or tones. The type and length of these sets is different for each client. At this time, the EMDR client is instructed to monitor anything that happens automatically.

After each anointing, the doctor instructs the client to let his or her mind be empty and be aware of whatever thought, feeling, image, memory or feeling comes to mind. According to the client’s report, the doctor will choose the following focus. These repetitive sets of focus-directed sequences occur more often all the time. If a client becomes frustrated or has a developmental problem, the counselor follows established procedures to help the client recover.

When the client reports that there is no distress related to the memory referred to, (i) he / she is asked to consider the positive belief identified at the beginning of the session. During this time, the client can adjust positive beliefs when necessary, and focus on the next set of stressful events.

PHASE 7: In the seventh phase, the closure, the counselor asks the client to keep the record during the week. The log should list any related content that may appear. It serves to remind the customer of the recreational activities that were well done in the second phase.

PHASE 8: The next session starts with the eighth session. Section eight contains an assessment of the progress made to date. EMDR treatment procedures apply to all events related to history, current stress-related events, and future events that require different responses.

HOW EMDR HELPS ITS CLIENTS?

Research-supported trauma treatments are few and far between. Unlike EMDR, two other well-known customers are asked to describe the memory in detail as it requires medical procedures.

In one of these (prolonged exposure therapy), the client is asked to describe the session 2–3 times, that is, to restore it. The reason for this treatment is that “avoidance” causes the problem to persist and customers should be aware that they may experience disturbances without becoming insane or upset. For that reason, you are also asked to listen to the program’s recordings for homework and go to places where they can avoid disruptions.

A second form of therapy (cognitive processing therapy) asks clients to clarify the event’s description of what negative beliefs they have, so that they can be challenged and replaced. This is done in sessions and with homework.

EMDR treatment involves allowing the brain’s information processing system to make the necessary internal connections to resolve glitches. Therefore, the individual should only focus on disturbing memory as internal associations are made.
The Harvard Researcher has published some articles describing how eye movements in EMDR treatment are associated with similar processes that occur during sleep in rapid eye movements (REM). The dreams process the time and the brain processes information for survival.

In theory, memory is transferred from episodic memory into a semantic memory network where emotions, physical sensations and beliefs are stored during the actual event, where the person “digests” the experience, capturing the precise personal meaning of the life event and those negative intestinal reactions no longer exist.

You can observe these connections in an EMDR session as you learn faster through internal connections.

  1. Is there an explanation that trying to reproduce REM responses helps people overcome PTSD? In other words, do we understand the underlying mechanism better?

There are now about a dozen randomized studies examining the effects of the eye movement component in the context of the REM hypothesis. They found supportive outcomes such as decreased physical arousal, increased episodic association, and increased recognition of true information.

More than a dozen studies have shown that eye movements can impair working memory.

Nearly a dozen studies using brain scans have seen significant neurophysiological pre-post EMDR treatment changes, including hippocampus volume.

However, more questions remain unanswered. In fact, most ce manufacturers do not have the exact neurobiological understanding to work with any form of treatment.

What Are the Benefits of EMDR Therapy?

Though therapists most commonly use EMDR to stop the cycle of PTSD, which stands for post Traumatic stress disorder, it can also treat:

The purpose of EMDR therapy is to reverse the negative beliefs that are formed as a result of being attacked by positive beliefs that help maintain safety, control, and legitimacy.