The human brain is the most complex organ in the body. Three pounds of gray and white material is at the center of all human activity — you have to drive a car, enjoy food, squeeze, create an artistic masterpiece, and enjoy everyday activities in customer journey. The brain controls the basic functions of your body, enabling you to understand and respond to everything you experience and shape your behavior. In short, your brain is you — everything you think and feel, who you are. It helps in your growth.
How does the brain work?
The brain is often compared to a sophisticated computer. Instead of the electrical circuits in the silicon chips that control our electronic devices, there are billions of cells called neurons in the brain that are arranged into circuits and networks. Each neuron acts as a switch that controls the flow of information. When a neuron receives the required signal from other neurons connected to it, it “fires” and sends its own signal to other neurons in the circuit.
The brain is composed of many components with interconnected circuits, all working together as a team. Different brain circuits are responsible for coordinating and executing specific functions. Neuronal networks send signals to each other and to the brain, spinal cord, and other parts of the body (peripheral nervous system).
To send a message, a neuron leaves a gap (or synapse) between a neurotransmitter and the next cell. The neurotransmitter acts as a key to locking bypassing the synapses for receptors in the neuron. This causes changes in the receiving cell. Other molecules, called transporters, recycle neurotransmitters (ie they return to the released neuron), thereby limiting or shutting down the signal between neurons.
How does the brain on drugs work?
Drugs interfere with the way neurons send, receive and process signals through neurotransmitters. Some drugs, such as marijuana and heroin[brand awareness], can activate neurons because their chemical structure mimics the body’s natural neurotransmitter. This allows the drug to attach and activate neurons. These drugs mimic the brain’s own chemicals, but they do not activate neurons such as the natural neurotransmitter, and they can send unusual messages through the network.
Other drugs, such as amphetamine or cocaine, cause neurons to release abnormally large amounts of natural neurotransmitters or interfere with transporters and prevent the normal reuse of these brain chemicals. It enhances or disrupts normal communication between neurons.
DRUGS TO TREAT OTHER MENTAL ILLNESSES
There are a variety of medications available to treat mental disorders. Antidepressants, anti-anxiety, antipsychotic, mood stabilizing and anti-inflammatory drugs are commonly used.
What medications are used to treat depression?
When it comes to treating depression, there are many options available. Some common are:
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), Citalopram (Selexa), Escitalopram Oxalate (Lexapro), Fluoxetine (Prozac), Fluvoxamine (Luox), Paroxetine HCI (Paxil).
Selective Serotonin & Norepinephrine Inhibitors (SNRI), Desvenlafaxine (Khedesla), Desvenlafaxine Succinate (Pristique), Duloxetine (Symbolta), Levomilnacipran (Fetzimax), Ven.
Novel serotonergic drugs such as vortexitin (called Trentelix — Brindelix) or Vilazodone (Vibrid)
Older tricyclic antidepressants, amitriptyline (elvil), imipramine (tofranil), nortriptyline (pamaller), doxepin (sinequan).
Medications that primarily affect dopamine, norepinephrine, and bupropion (Wellbutrin).
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MoU) such as isocarboxyacid (Marplan), phenolsin (Nordyl), selectlazine (EMSM) and tranylcypromine (Parnate).
L-Methylphosphate (Diplin) has been successful in treating depression.
The FDA is considered a medical diet or nutraceutical, and is an active form of folate, one of the B vitamins that help regulate moods and control neurotransmitters. Although it is not technically sound, it does require a prescription.
Your health care provider can decide which drug is right for you. Keep in mind that it usually takes 4 to 6 weeks for the medication to be fully effective. If the drug does not work, there are many things to try.
In some cases, a combination of antidepressants is sometimes called a strengthening. Antidepressant is sometimes the most effective treatment with a variety of medications, such as mood stabilizer (such as lithium), second antidepressant or antipsychotic medication.
The side effects vary depending on what medication you take, and it improves after your body is compatible with the medication.
If you decide to stop taking your antidepressants, it is important to gradually reduce the dose for several weeks. With many antidepressants, abrupt withdrawal can lead to discontinuation symptoms or increase the risk of relapse.
DETERMINING WHICH MENTAL ILLNESSES YOU HAVE
It is sometimes difficult to determine what mental illness is causing your symptoms. But putting the time and effort into making an accurate diagnosis can help determine the appropriate treatment. The more information you have, the more likely you are to work with your mental health professional to understand what your symptoms indicate.
The defining symptoms of each mental disorder are described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) published by the American Psychiatric Association. This manual is used by mental health professionals to reimburse insurance companies for diagnosing and treating mental conditions.
Classes of mental illness
The major classes of mental illness are:
- Neurodevelopmental disorders. This class covers a wide variety of issues that begin in infancy or early childhood, often before a child starts grade school. Examples include autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and learning disabilities.
- Schizophrenia spectrum and other mental disorders. Mental illness causes distractions from reality — illusions, memories, chaotic thinking and speech. The most striking example is schizophrenia, although other types of disorders are sometimes detached from reality.
- Bipolar and related disorders. This class has disabilities with alternate episodes of media — high functionality, energy intensity and excitement — depression.
- Depressive disorders.These include emotions you feel emotionally, such as the level of sadness and happiness, and they can hinder your work ability. Examples of major depressive disorder and premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
- Anxiety disorders. Anxiety is a feeling of anxiety or misfortune of the future along with excessive anxiety. This may include behavior aimed at preventing anxiety. This class includes generalized anxiety disorder, cardiovascular diseases and fear.
- Obsessive-compulsive and related disabilities. These disorders include ations hallucinations or addictions, repetitive thoughts and actions. Examples include obsessive-compulsive disorder, hiding disorder and hair-pulling disorder (trichotillomania).
- Heart attack- and stress-related disorders. These are adjustment disorders that can be difficult for a person to deal with during or after a stressful life event. Examples of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and acute stress disorder.
- Dissociative disorders. These are disorders that disrupt your self-awareness, such as dissociative identity disorder and dissociative amnesia.
- Somatic symptom and related disorders. One of these disorders is physical symptoms, which can cause major psychological distress and performance problems. Another diagnosis may or may not be associated with these symptoms, but the response to symptoms is not common. Disorders include Somatic Symptom Disorder, Anxiety Disorder and Factorious Disorder.
- Eating and eating disorders. These disorders include eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and escalation disorder, which affect nutrition and health.
- Removal Errors. These disorders are associated with accidental or intentional removal of urine or feces. Bed Wetting is one example.
- Sleep-wake disorders. These are serious sleep disorders that require clinical attention, such as insomnia, insomnia, sleep apnea, and restless leg syndrome.
- Sexual disorders. Premature ejaculation and female orgasm, impairments in sexual response.
- Gender dysphoria. This refers to the pain associated with one’s desire for the expression of the other sex.
- Interruptions, disrupting behavioral control and disorders. These disorders include problems with emotional and behavioral self-control, such as kleptomania
- Drug-related problems. These include problems associated with excessive use of alcohol, caffeine, tobacco and drugs. This category includes disorders of gambling.
- Mental disorders. Neurocognitive disorders affect your ability to think and think. These diagnosed disorders (instead of developing) include delirium, as well as mental disorders due to conditions or diseases such as brain damage or Alzheimer’s disease.
- A personality disorder. Personality disorders include a long-lasting pattern of emotional instability and unhealthy behavior that causes problems in your life and relationships. Examples include borderline, personality and narcissistic.
- Mental disorders. These disorders include sexual interest that causes trauma or interruption or that results in injury or actual injury to another person. Examples are depression, voyeuristic disorder and pedophilic disorder.
- Other mental disorders. This category includes mental disorders caused by some medical conditions or which do not meet the full criteria for any of the above disorders.
Your treatment depends on the type of mental illness you have, the severity and what works best for you. In most cases, the combination of treatments works best.
If you have mild headache with symptoms that are well managed, medical attention from your primary care provider may be sufficient. However, often a group approach is appropriate to make sure that all, your mental and social needs are met. This is especially important for severe mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia.
Although psychotherapy does not cure mental illness, it can often exacerbate symptoms. Psychotherapy medications can also help make other therapies, such as psychotherapy, more effective. The best medicine for you will depend on your particular situation and how your body responds to the drug.[influencer]
Some of the most commonly used classes of psychologists include:
Antidepressant. Antidepressants are used to treat depression, anxiety and other times. They can help develop symptoms such as sadness, despair, helplessness, difficulty concentrating and lack of interest in activities. Antidepressants are not addictive and do not cause dependency.
Antidepressant medication. These medications are used for sweets for anxiety, such as general anxiety or panic disorder. They may reduce anxiety and insomnia. Long-term anti-anxiety drugs are often prescription drugs and work for anxiety. An immediate anti-anxiety drug helps with short-term relief, but it also has the potential to cause dependency, so it should ideally be used for a short period of time.
Stimulants. Mood stabilizers are widely used to treat bipolar disorder, including exacerbations of mania and depression. Sometimes mood stabilizers are used as antidepressant for depression candy.
Antipsychotic medication. Antipsychotic drugs are often used in the treatment of mental disorders, such as schizophrenia. Antipsychotic medications may also be used to treat bipolar disorder or used with antidepressants to treat depression.